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Phosphorus Mobilizing Capacity of Selected Grain Legumes Grown Under Phosphorus-Deficient Conditions

Authors:

T. G. R. M. Thennegedara,

University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, LK
About T. G. R. M.
Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture
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D. M. S. B. Dissanayaka

University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, LK
About D. M. S. B.
Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture
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Abstract

Compared with other crops, legumes have superior ability to mobilize part of non-labile phosphorus (P) into labile/available forms. We explored the P-mobilization potential of selected grain legumes and its influence on growth, P uptake, and yield under P-deficient conditions. A pot experiment was carried out in a greenhouse with soybean (Glycine max L.), cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.), green gram (Vigna radiata L.), and black gram (Vigna mungo L.) with two P fertilizer applications; without (Pdeficient) and with (P-sufficient) Department of Agriculture recommended rates of triple super phosphate. Each crop was harvested at maturity and the bulk and rhizosphere soils were collected to quantify different P fractions using Hedley’s sequential fractionation. Dry weight and P accumulation in different plant organs, i.e. roots, stems, leaves, and pods, were measured. Most plant organs maintained similar dry weight and tissue-P concentration irrespective of the P levels applied. All crops reduced their total plant-P uptake under P-deficient conditions. However, this did not make any change in either pod dry weight or P concentration of pods. Soybean and mung bean had a greater P accumulation compared to cowpea and black gram under both P levels. In contrast, cowpea and black gram showed improved P use efficiency (PUE) than other two legumes. Available P concentration (NaHCO3-P) in rhizosphere soil is greater than that in bulk soil in soybean and cowpea whereas the rhizosphere NaHCO3-P content in mung bean was greatly decreased compared to that of bulk soil when the crop was cultivated in P-deficient soil. The concentration of non-labile P fraction in rhizosphere of all grain legumes were significantly low compared to that of the bulk soil. Results suggest that selected grain legumes could be cultivated in P-deficient soil as they can adapt either through enhancing P uptake or increasing PUE.
How to Cite: Thennegedara, T.G.R.M. and Dissanayaka, D.M.S.B., 2021. Phosphorus Mobilizing Capacity of Selected Grain Legumes Grown Under Phosphorus-Deficient Conditions. Tropical Agricultural Research, 32(4), pp.380–389. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/tar.v32i4.8413
Published on 01 Oct 2021.
Peer Reviewed

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