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Research Articles

Relationship Among NAGase Enzyme Activity, CMT Score and Somatic Cell Count in Milk of Crossbred Dairy Cows with Sub-Clinical Mastitis in North-Western Province of Sri Lanka

Authors:

R. Rahularaj,

University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, LK
About R.
Postgraduate Institute of Agriculture
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R. M. C. Deshapriya ,

University of Peradeniya, LK
About R. M. C.
Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture
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R. M. S. B. K. Ranasinghe

University of Peradeniya, LK
About R. M. S. B. K.
Department of Basic Veterinary Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
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Abstract

The assay procedure for N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase (NAGase) was considered to be the most reliable, simple, and rapid enzymatic method for estimating the severity of mammary tissue damage. This study was carried out to assess the relationship of NAGase enzyme activity, California mastitis test score (CMTS) and somatic cell counts (SCC) in milk and the influence of breed, parity and age of the cow on NAGase activity. The results showed that prevalence of sub-clinical mastitis (SCM) was 74.5% (41/55) in the population of cows tested. The isolated pathogens were Staphylococcus spp. (34%, 14/41), Escherichia coli (34%, 14/41) and Streptococcus spp. (32%, 13/41). The SCC showed a significant (p<0.05) positive correlation with the activity of NAGase (R2= 0.796) and CMTS (R2= 0.709). A significant correlation was observed between the NAGase activity and SCC in SCM positive milk, where the correlation was stronger (R2= 0.748) in the former than in the latter. The parity (R2= 0.843) and age (R2= 0.758) of the cow also showed a significant (p<0.05) positive correlation with enzyme activity. The mean SCC and enzyme activity of different crossbreds of the study population did not show a significant correlation, but mean values of SCC and enzyme activity were higher when an animal was phenotypically more related to European breeds (779– 1848 x103 SCC/ml;0.64 -0.89 μmole/min/ml) than tropical breeds (427–534x103 SCC/ml; 0.26-0.43 μmole/min/ml). It could be concluded that, the prevalence of SCM in crossbred cows in North-Western Province of Sri Lanka is considerably high. The determination of NAGase enzyme activity in milk could be used as a method for early detection of SCM more accurately than CMTS and SCC.
How to Cite: Rahularaj, R., Deshapriya, R.M.C. and Ranasinghe, R.M.S.B.K., 2020. Relationship Among NAGase Enzyme Activity, CMT Score and Somatic Cell Count in Milk of Crossbred Dairy Cows with Sub-Clinical Mastitis in North-Western Province of Sri Lanka. Tropical Agricultural Research, 31(4), pp.26–32. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/tar.v31i4.8418
Published on 06 Oct 2020.
Peer Reviewed

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