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Identification of phosphorus efficient rice cultivars under low P nutrition through hydroponic based screening

Authors:

D. S. Kekulandara ,

Rice Research & Development Institute, Batalagoda, Ibbagamuwa, LK
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P. C. G. Bandaranayake,

University of Peradeniya, LK
About P. C. G.
Agricultural Biotechnology Centre, Faculty of Agriculture
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D. N. Sirisena,

Rice Research & Development Institute, Batalagoda, Ibbagamuwa, LK
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W. L. G. Samarasinghe,

Plant Genetic Resource Centre, Peradeniya, LK
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L. D. B. Suriyagoda

University of Peradeniya, LK
About L. D. B.
Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture
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Abstract

Phosphorus (P) is one of the major nutrients required by plants. A higher portion of P in lowland rice soils is found in unavailable forms due to fixation. Therefore, continuous application of P fertilizer to rice (Oryza sativa L.) is needed to obtain a satisfactory yield. Identification and subsequent cultivation of high yielding rice varieties which can withstand low level of P is a better alternative to the continuous P application. The objective of this study was to categorize Sri Lankan rice varieties according to their response to P deficient conditions. Forty eight rice varieties including three old improved varieties and 45 new improved varieties were evaluated at deprived (10 μM P) and sufficient (50 μM P) P levels in a nutrient solution culture. Multiple plant traits; number of tillers, root and shoot dry weights and P content in shoot tissues were assessed at 52 days after planting. Rice variety Bg 94-1 gained higher biomass and P uptake (i.e. shoot P content- mg/plant). Simultaneously, At402 had lower biomass gain and shoot P content. Rice varieties were grouped into two distinct clusters based on their responses to P deficiency such as biomass gain, P uptake and number of tillers per plant. This study showed that At 405, Bg 94-1, At 307, Bg 304, Bg 300 and At 354 are promising rice varieties with higher response to low level of P supply.
How to Cite: Kekulandara, D.S., Bandaranayake, P.C.G., Sirisena, D.N., Samarasinghe, W.L.G. and Suriyagoda, L.D.B., 2019. Identification of phosphorus efficient rice cultivars under low P nutrition through hydroponic based screening. Tropical Agricultural Research, 30(3), pp.43–53. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/tar.v30i3.8318
Published on 06 Nov 2019.
Peer Reviewed

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