Start Submission Become a Reviewer

Reading: Investigation of mechanical properties of nanocellulose reinforced synthetic polymer composite

Download

A- A+
Alt. Display

Research Articles

Investigation of mechanical properties of nanocellulose reinforced synthetic polymer composite

Authors:

K. D. H. N. Kahawita ,

University of Moratuwa, LK
About K. D. H. N.
Department of Materials Science and Engineering
X close

A. M. P. B. Samarasekara,

University of Sri Jayewardenepura, LK
About A. M. P. B.
Department of Chemistry
X close

D. A. S. Amarasinghe,

University of Moratuwa, LK
About D. A. S.
Department of Materials Science and Engineering
X close

L. Karunanayake

University of Sri Jayewardenepura, LK
About L.
Department of Chemistry
X close

Abstract

In Sri Lanka, a considerable percentage of agricultural waste such as rice straw and sugarcane bagasse is discharged to the environment without a commercial use and forms a huge organic environmental pollution. Therefore, the agricultural wastes can be used to extract cellulose and indirectly apply an additional value to the abundant priceless wastes. Nanocellulose is a cellulosic material which has at least one dimension in the nanometre range and has a potential for polymer reinforcement. Based on their structure nanocellulose extracted from plant species are categorised into two; nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC) and nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC). The present paper discussed the surface modification of NFC using Silane coupling agent (Si-69) and fabrication of silylated NFC reinforced polypropylene (PP) composites with different loadings of NFC from 0-5 wt. % by adding 0.5 wt. % per sample. The mechanical properties of the composite samples were compared with respect to neat PP and Scanning electron microscope (SEM), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, mechanical tests (tensile strength, percentage elongation at break, impact strength and hardness), percentage water absorption and melt flow index (MFI) were used to characterize the developed composites. The experimental results emphasize the wide improvement of mechanical properties with extremely narrow reduction of water absorption and processability of silylated NFC based PP than pure PP. The 3.5% silylated NFC reinforced PP composite indicated the highest improvement in mechanical properties such as hardness, tensile and impact strength, a 7.4%, 12.6%, and 86.1% higher than the neat PP, respectively.

How to Cite: Kahawita, K.D.H.N., Samarasekara, A.M.P.B., Amarasinghe, D.A.S. and Karunanayake, L., 2019. Investigation of mechanical properties of nanocellulose reinforced synthetic polymer composite. Tropical Agricultural Research, 30(2), pp.55–64. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/tar.v30i2.8309
Published on 30 Jan 2019.
Peer Reviewed

Downloads

  • PDF (EN)

    comments powered by Disqus