Start Submission Become a Reviewer

Reading: Performance of anaerobic germination-tolerant rice varieties in direct seeding: effects on s...

Download

A- A+
Alt. Display

Research Articles

Performance of anaerobic germination-tolerant rice varieties in direct seeding: effects on stand establishment, weed growth and yield under different seeding rates

Authors:

T. K. Illangakoon ,

University of Peradeniya, LK
About T. K.
Postgraduate Institute of Agriculture
X close

B. Marambe,

University of Peradeniya, LK
About B.
Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture
X close

R. S. K. Keerthisena,

Rice Research and Development Institute, Bathalagoda, Ibbagamuwa, LK
X close

A. P. Bentota,

Rice Research and Development Institute, Bathalagoda, Ibbagamuwa, LK
X close

S. Kulatunge,

Rice Research and Development Institute, Bathalagoda, Ibbagamuwa, LK
X close

V. Kumar,

International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Philippines, LK
X close

A. Ismail

International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, PH
X close

Abstract

Weeds are the most disastrous constraint in direct-seeded rice (DSR). Anaerobic germination-tolerance (AG-tolerance), which is the ability of rice to germinate, grow and survive under oxygen-limited conditions, together with suitable management options is a better alternative to suppress weeds in DSR. This study was designed to identify the effect of seeding rate and AG-tolerant varieties on stand establishment, weed growth and yield of rice (Oryza sativa L.) germinated under submerged condition. The experiments were conducted in a split-split plot design with three replicates during the Maha season (October 2014 to February 2015) and the Yala season (March to September 2015). The two main plots consisted of different water levels; submerged (sowing into 5 cm of standing water) and saturated as in conventional DSR. Three seeding rates (100, 80 and 60 kg/ha) were allocated to sub-plots and three rice varieties viz. Ciherang AG1+Sub1 and IR64+AG1 (two standard AG-tolerant rice varieties from the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) at The Philippines), and Bg366 (from Sri Lanka) were allocated to sub-sub plots. Submergence reduced the stand establishment, panicle density and yield in all varieties compared to the saturated condition (P<0.05). It also reduced the total weed density by more than 5-fold, and biomass of grasses and sedges by 96 % (P<0.05), however, there was no effect (P>0.05) on aquatic and semi-aquatic weeds. The highest seedling and panicle densities, and yield under submerged conditions were recorded with the seeding rate of 100 kg/ha. Under the submergence, the rice variety Bg366 showed the lowest stand establishment and panicle density, however, recorded a comparable yield to that of Ciherang AG1+SUB1 and a higher yield than IR64+AG1. The results highlighted the need of novel AG-varieties, screening Sri Lankan rice varieties for AG-tolerance and finding suitable management options capable of producing high stand establishment and yield from DSR under submerged condition.
How to Cite: Illangakoon, T.K., Marambe, B., Keerthisena, R.S.K., Bentota, A.P., Kulatunge, S., Kumar, V. and Ismail, A., 2018. Performance of anaerobic germination-tolerant rice varieties in direct seeding: effects on stand establishment, weed growth and yield under different seeding rates. Tropical Agricultural Research, 29(3), pp.276–287. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/tar.v29i3.8267
Published on 28 Jun 2018.
Peer Reviewed

Downloads

  • PDF (EN)

    comments powered by Disqus