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A comparison between farmers’ and breeders’ Varietal Selection for Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L). Walp) Improvement

Authors:

M. C. Millawithanachchi ,

University of Peradeniya, LK
About M. C.
Postgraduate Institute of Agriculture
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V. A. Sumanasinghe,

University of Peradeniya, LK
About V. A.
Department of Agricultural Biology, Faculty of Agriculture
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A. P. Bentota,

Grain Legumes and Oil Crops Research and Development Center, Angunakolapellassa, LK
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B. N. Samaranayake,

Grain Legumes and Oil Crops Research and Development Center, Angunakolapellassa, LK
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N. T. Prathapasinghe

Grain Legumes and Oil Crops Research and Development Center, Angunakolapellassa, LK
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Abstract

Farmer participatory selection of varieties in crop improvement is considered as an accelerating process in identifying adaptable varieties for farmer grown conditions. To compare the effectiveness of farmer participation in varietal selection with respect to selection at breeding stations, lines derived from two cowpea crosses CP 19 x Waruni and CP 20 x CP 22 at the Grain Legumes and Oil Crops Research and Development Center, Angunakolapellessa, using three breeding methods (pedigree, modified bulk and single seed descent) were evaluated in two Randomized Complete Block Designs during Yala 2013 and Maha 2013/14. Each trial included 30 lines which represented 10 best lines per breeding method and the parents of the cross. Same varietal composition was tested in three selected farmer fields with respect to each cross in RCBD with two replicates. At the maturity stage, evaluating of varieties of both trials of the research station was carried out by farmers and the breeders in two seasons. Farmer field trials were also evaluated following the same procedure by inviting the nearby cowpea cultivating farmers for each trial. Yields were also recorded in each farmer trial. Lines/method was found to be significant for all the characteristics studied at the research station trial for the cross CP 19 x Waruni while pod length, hundred seed weight and yield were significant for the lines in CP 20x CP 22 cross for both seasons. Mean sum of squares of seed per pod in both crosses were significantly different among three breeding methods but for other characteristics, methods were not significantly different. There was a significant difference among tested lines for farmer scores and breeder scores on the basis of Friedman test for each trial in both seasons at the research station. Except Sewanagala trial of CP19 x Waruni cross and Mahawewa trial of CP 20 x CP22 cross, lines tested in other trials at farmer fields were significantly different for farmer scores. According to adaptability testing there was a significant positive correlation with farmer ranks at farmer field level with ranking method and variance component method ranks. The correlation of breeders’ ranks at the research station level with the adaptability ranks were comparatively lower than the farmer ranks at farmer field level. With respect to the four adaptability rankings, CP19 x Waruni cross has ranked five lines, S1-53, S1-35, B1-74, B1-64 and B1 - 39while CP 20 x CP22 cross ranked three lines B2-15, S2-64 and Waruni as the best. Since the top ranking lines mostly belonged to SSD and modified bulk breeding methods the two methods can be effectively used for the cowpea improvement. Further farmer participation in variety selection at their own field conditions will be much effective in testing of adaptabilities along with the proper analysis methods.
How to Cite: Millawithanachchi, M.C. et al., (2016). A comparison between farmers’ and breeders’ Varietal Selection for Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L). Walp) Improvement. Tropical Agricultural Research. 27(3), pp.229–240. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/tar.v27i3.8202
Published on 30 May 2016.
Peer Reviewed

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