The effect of various mutagenic treatments on vegetative and floral characters of different cultivars of tuberose (Polianthes tuberosa L) was studied and isolation of promising mutants were done. The experimental material comprised of four tuberose varieties viz., Kalyani Single, Kalyani Double, Suvasini and Prajwal, treated with two doses each of gamma rays viz., (0.5 Kr, 1.5 Kr), X-rays (0.6 Kr, 1.2 Kr) and Ethyl Methyl Sulphonate (0.1 per cent, 0.2 per cent) along with the untreated sample (control). Results indicated that the mutagenic treatments at lower doses had significant stimulative effect on some parameters i.e., sprouting percentage, days taken to sprouting, whereas most of the parameters showed a decrease from desired levels i.e., survival rate, leaf length, number of spikes/plant & florets/spike, flowering duration and vase life. Higher doses of all mutagens were detrimental for vegetative and floral characters. Six mutants were also obtained exhibiting variation in plant height [cv. Prajwal treated with EMS (0.2%)], increase in number of petals per floret (cv. Prajwal treated with 1.2 Kr X-rays), fusion of two floret into one [cv. Suvasini and cv. Prajwal treated with EMS (0.2%)], decrease in number of whorl per floret [cv. Suvasini with 1.2 Kr gamma rays treatment] and presence of stamen in double type cultivar (cv. Suvasini with plant treated with 1.2 Kr X-rays).
Tropical Agricultural Research Vol. 26 (4): 721 – 732 (2015)