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Weighted modelling and forecasting of cocoa production in Ghana: a multivariate approach

Authors:

Sampson Ankrah ,

University of Peradeniya, LK
About Sampson
Postgraduate Institute of Agriculture
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B.L. Peiris,

University of Peradeniya, LK
About B.L.
Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture
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R.O. Thattil

University of Peradeniya, LK
About R.O.
Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture
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Abstract

In this paper, we develop models for forecasting the annual cocoa production in Ghana. Instead of using the ‘best’ model for forecasting; a weighted scheme was applied to all competing models, to obtain a weighted model. The weighted scheme used in this paper is the weighted ranking procedure. Annual production, export earnings, exchange rate and domestic processing of cocoa data from 1970 to 2012 from Ghana were used for this study. Forecast accuracy measured from the weighted vector error correction model (VECM) and that of the “best” vector error correction model was used to validate the model. The forecast value from the weighted forecast approach performed better than that of the “best” model. The weighted predicted values were regressed on the real production values to show whether the weighted VECM was adequate to explain the variations in the annual cocoa production. The adjusted R2 was 0.952 indicating that, the weighted VECM model explained 95.2% of the annual production variability. Hence, the weighted vector error correction model is a better statistical technique in forecasting cocoa production in Ghana.

 

Tropical Agricultural Research Vol. 26 (3): 569 – 578 (2015)

How to Cite: Ankrah, S., Peiris, B.L. & Thattil, R.O., (2015). Weighted modelling and forecasting of cocoa production in Ghana: a multivariate approach. Tropical Agricultural Research. 26(3), pp.569–578. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/tar.v26i3.8120
Published on 20 Nov 2015.
Peer Reviewed

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