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Study on isolation of potentially probiotic Lactobacillus species from fermented rice

Authors:

N. Jeygowri ,

University of Peradeniya, LK
About N.
Postgraduate Institute of Agriculture
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N. Parahitiyawa,

University of Peradeniya, LK
About N.
Department of Oral Medicine and Periodontology, Faculty of Dental Sciences
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S. Jeyatilake,

University of Peradeniya, LK
About S.
Department of Oral Medicine and Periodontology, Faculty of Dental Sciences
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S. Ranadheera,

Rajarata University of Sri Lanka, LK
About S.
Department of Animal and Food Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture
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T. Madhujith

University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka, LK
About T.
Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Agriculture
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Abstract

Traditional fermented food products such as fermented rice are known to possess probiotic potential. Probiotics are live microorganisms that provide a myriad of health benefits. Despite the associated health benefits, fermented rice has not received due attention in the countries where rice is the staple diet. Many strains of probiotic bacteria have been isolated from different sources, however, not much work has been carried out on isolation of probiotic strains from fermented rice. In this backdrop, the present study was carried out to isolate and identify potentially probiotic microorganisms from fermented rice. Cooked and uncooked white and red rice were separately fermented and subsequently used to isolate potentially probiotic strains. The Man Rogosa Sharpe (MRS), MRS sorbitol (0.2%) and MRS L-cysteine (0.5%) culture media were used for the isolation of potentially probiotic bacteria. The samples of fermented rice were serially diluted, plated and incubated at 37°C for 2-3 days under anaerobic conditions. The resulting colonies were purified and tested for catalase production and Gram-staining. Distinct cluster like cocci, diplo cocci and rods were observed with gram-positive and catalase-negative reactions. Most of the isolated cluster like cocci morphologically resembled Aercococcus or Peptococcus species. The rods were selected for motility and endospore test and sugar fermentation was studied using API 50CH kits. The biochemical characteristics (gram positivity and catalase-negativity) non-motile and non-endospore forming and colony and cell morphology of seven rod shaped bacteria resembled the genus Lactobacillus and were identified to species level by API 50CH kits. The subsequent physiological and molecular methods for species identification and probiotic characterization of these seven Lactobacillus spp will further confirm the application of them as potential probiotic starter cultures in the food industry.

 

Tropical Agricultural Research Vol. 26 (3): 428 – 440 (2015)

How to Cite: Jeygowri, N. et al., (2015). Study on isolation of potentially probiotic Lactobacillus species from fermented rice. Tropical Agricultural Research. 26(3), pp.428–440. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/tar.v26i3.8106
Published on 20 Nov 2015.
Peer Reviewed

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