Extraction of good quality RNA in larger quantities is a prerequisite for gene expression studies. Existing protocols for RNA extraction from banana pulp tissues were not successful on peel tissues of banana (Musa spp) as they contain higher concentrations of polyphenols, polysaccharides and latex. This study developed a new protocol by modifying the existing protocols. The modifications included combining of pre-warmed Tris-Borate extraction buffer, incorporation of CTAB in the extraction buffer, incubation in extraction buffer at 65oC for one hour, and a three-day long extraction procedure with phenol, phenol:chloroform (1:1) and chloroform:isoamyl alcohol (24:1) together with centrifugation steps at high speeds (i.e. 12,000 –14,000 rpm). Spectrophotometric analysis of the extracted RNA, denaturing agarose gel electrophoresis, cDNA library construction, sequence information of cDNA inserts and RT-PCR confirmed the quality of RNA extracted by the method developed in the present study for gene expression work. Furthermore, it is shown that the developed method is useful to extract good quality RNA from peel tissues of a range of dessert- and cooking-type banana cultivars.
Tropical Agricultural Research Vol. 26 (2): 329 – 342 (2015)