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Research Articles

Identification of taxonomic status of spiny lobster species in Sri Lanka Using DNA barcoding and its implications on fisheries and conservation programs

Authors:

J.D.M. Senevirathna ,

University of Ruhuna, LK
About J.D.M.
Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science
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D.H.N. Munasinghe

University of Ruhuna, Matara, LK
About D.H.N.
Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science
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Abstract

Lobster fishery is one of the most economically important marine coastal fishing activities. However, genetic identification and taxonomic status of available lobster species are poorly understood in Sri Lanka. The DNA barcoding based on the amplification of partial mitochondrial Cytochrome oxidase I (COI) gene region provides an effective approach for the rapid identification of species status and evaluation of species richness. The present study attempted to collect genetic information of barcoding region for five spiny lobster species that are available in the southern coast of Sri Lanka and to estimate the phylogenetic relationships with the data available for relevant spiny lobsters of other geographic locations. For this purpose, additional sequences were downloaded from the NCBI Genbank and phylogenetic trees were constructed using Maximum Parsimony, Maximum Likelihood and Neighbour Joining methods. Identical tree topologies were resulted from the three methods, and three major clades could be identified. The first clade consisted of Panulirus penicillatus + P. longipes. Panulirus homarus + P. versicolor + P. ornatus were grouped into the second clade whereas the third clade included P. homarus + P. penicillatus + P. longipes. It is important to observe that P. homarussamples collected from southern Sri Lanka grouped with both sub species P. h. homarus and P. h. megasculpta indicating their availability in the sampling regions. Although three subspecies are available in P. longipes the samples from southern Sri Lankan grouped only with P. l. longipes. High intra-specific nucleotide diversity was reported in for Sri Lankan samples. This indicates that habitats around southern coast of Sri Lanka possess suitable environmental conditions to inhabit diverse Panulirus populations. These results would be highly useful to plan management and conservation strategies for Panulirus populations in Sri Lanka.


Tropical Agricultural Research Vol. 25 (1): 96-108 (2013)

How to Cite: Senevirathna, J.D.M. & Munasinghe, D.H.N., (2015). Identification of taxonomic status of spiny lobster species in Sri Lanka Using DNA barcoding and its implications on fisheries and conservation programs. Tropical Agricultural Research. 25(1), pp.96–108. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/tar.v25i1.8033
Published on 17 Sep 2015.
Peer Reviewed

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