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Assessment of Socio-economic and Health Status of Fisherwomen Involved in Coir Retting in Dickwella Secretariat Division, Matara District

Authors:

AGLAS Kumara ,

Postgraduate Institute of Agriculture, University of Peradeniya, LK
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NY Hirimuthugoda,

Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ruhuna, Mapalana, LK
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U Edirisinghe

Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, LK
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Abstract

Coir retting yards are concentrated along the southern coastal line and specially women folk, find this work as the source of their principal income for the family in off seasons of fishing. The study was conducted in the Dickwella secretariat division to study the impact of coir retting on the socio-economic and health status of fisher women involved in coir retting. Random sample of 35 coir retting women involved in coir retting was selected. The necessary data of the location and families were collected by using questionnaires, interviews and discussions. Data obtained were statistically analyzed by using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) software. Water quality parameters, such as pH, temperature, BOD, COD, NO3--N and conductivity were analyzed. All the water quality parameters were not in permissible ranges. The average household size and daily net income of the coir retting families involved were 4.5 and Rs. 612.50, respectively. Eighty nine percent has obtained primary education while 9 % and 2 % have gained secondary and tertiary education respectively. It is obvious that these people do not have any access to other employment opportunities except coir retting due to lack of education. The results revealed that the coir retting industry of this area is an activity that is intricately interwoven with the social and economic structure. Field survey results indicated that 57 % of the sample suffered from job-oriented disease like skin disease, blindness, headache, back bone pains and respiratory disease. Rotted husk release more organic pollutants and they highly affect the water quality parameters. Therefore, it is a difficult task to save these women from these occupational hazards unless some new affordable technique is introduced. Majority of the households (70 %) fall within a low socio-economic status with a deepening poverty background depicted by low educational achievement and occupational status.

Tropical Agricultural Research Vol. 23 (1): 84-90 (2011)

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4038/tar.v23i1.4635
How to Cite: Kumara, A., Hirimuthugoda, N. & Edirisinghe, U., (2012). Assessment of Socio-economic and Health Status of Fisherwomen Involved in Coir Retting in Dickwella Secretariat Division, Matara District. Tropical Agricultural Research. 23(1), pp.84–90. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/tar.v23i1.4635
Published on 06 Sep 2012.
Peer Reviewed

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