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Research Articles

Effect of Submerged and Floating Plants on Dissolved Oxygen Dynamics and Nitrogen Removal in Constructed Wetlands

Authors:

BGN Sewwandi ,

Postgraduate Institute of Agriculture, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, LK
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SK Weragoda,

Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Saitama University, JP
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MIM Mowjood,

Department of Agricultural Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Peradeniya, LK
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N Tanaka,

Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Saitama University, JP
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S Sasikala

Department of Agricultural Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Peradeniya, LK
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Abstract

Dissolved oxygen (DO) concentration affects the treatment processes in constructed wetlands. This study examined the dissolved oxygen dynamics and total nitrogen removal in constructed wetlands with submerged and floating plants. Four constructed wetland units each with the surface area of 3 x 1 m2 were constructed at University of Peradeniya. Two of those with the depths of 0.3 m (A) and 0.6 m (B) were planted separately with Hydrilla verticillata (submerged) and Lemna minor (floating), respectively. Other two (C and D) were constructed with two sections of 0.3 and 0.6 m depths and planted with H. verticillata and L. minor, respectively in each section. Secondary effluent from student hostel was fed with hydraulic retention time of 6 days. DO was measured at different depths of water, 0.0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.4 and 0.5 m from the water surface and along the longitudinal axis of the wetland at 6 hours interval. The total nitrogen was measured for water samples at inlet and outlets. The average dissolved oxygen concentrations of A and B were 17.7 and 0.4 mg L-1 respectively. Oxic condition was maintained in the submerged plant units. Anoxic condition resulted throughout the day in floating plant system. DO varied significantly with depths in oxic condition. DO dynamics in these wetlands can be explained by photosynthesis, respiration, deaeration and reaeration processes. The highest total nitrogen removal was achieved in unit D where combined anoxic and oxic conditions were maintained together H. verticillata and L. minor could effectively be used to maintain required dissolved oxygen in constructed wetlands for nitrate removal.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4038/tar.v21i4.3311

TAR 2010; 21(3): 353-360

How to Cite: Sewwandi, B. et al., (2011). Effect of Submerged and Floating Plants on Dissolved Oxygen Dynamics and Nitrogen Removal in Constructed Wetlands. Tropical Agricultural Research. 21(4), pp.353–360. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/tar.v21i4.3311
Published on 16 Aug 2011.
Peer Reviewed

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