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Molecular Phylogeny of Ladybird Beetles (Coccinellidae: Coleoptera) Inferred from Mitochondrial 16S rDNA Sequences

Authors:

AGB Aruggoda ,

Department of Agricultural and Plantation Engineering, Faculty of Engineering Technology, The Open University of Sri Lanka, Nugegoda, LK
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R Shunxiang,

Department of Entomology, College of Natural Resources and Environment, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, CN
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Q Baoli

Department of Entomology, College of Natural Resources and Environment, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, CN
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Abstract

Although ladybird beetles (Coccinellidae: Coleoptera) are charismatic and have great ecological and economic significance, understanding of the evolutionary history of Coccinellidae remains poor. Many hypothesis of evolutionary relationships based on morphological features have been proposed, but none have been verified using a formal phylogenetic analysis. The objectives of this study was to apply molecular evidence of 16S rDNA to construct a molecular phylogeny for ladybird beetles, examining the monophyly of the tribes and several lower-level taxa within the group, and to establish basic phylogenetic patterns. 16S rDNA fragments were sequenced from 47 species of in-group and two species of out-group taxa. DNA data showed evidences of rapid evolution and saturation, having AT and transition at a higher level. 16S rDNA gene region indicated the availability of phylogenetic signals with the presence of skewness with significant hierarchical structure as well as having higher number of parsimony informative characters. Trees were reconstructed using multiple methods and characters mapped on the topology via Neigbour Joining and Minimum Evolution methods. 16S rDNA phylogenetic analyses were supported well on below tribe level relationships of the subfamilies. The genus level is prominent accumulating together the species belonging to same genus in all tribes. Results suggest that the molecular data provide robust support across the topology below tribe level and below genus level and that this topology provides important new insights as well as confirming the existing positions of the species in the evolution of the ladybird beetles.

DOI: 10.4038/tar.v21i2.2602    

Tropical Agricultural Research Vol. 21(2): 209-217 (2009)
Keywords: Ladybird Beetles 
How to Cite: Aruggoda, A., Shunxiang, R. & Baoli, Q., (2010). Molecular Phylogeny of Ladybird Beetles (Coccinellidae: Coleoptera) Inferred from Mitochondrial 16S rDNA Sequences. Tropical Agricultural Research. 21(2), pp.209–217. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/tar.v21i2.2602
Published on 20 Dec 2010.
Peer Reviewed

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